1.23. Thuc thang

Thuc thang c cu to t cc v thuc qua ch bin v phi ng theo phng php ca y hc c truyn, bao gm 2 dng: Thuc sc v ngm ru. Vi dng sc, thng c bo ch bng cch un si vi nc sch; dng ru, thng c ngm vi ethanol 30 - 40 , trong thi gian di.

c im ca thuc thang.

L dng thuc rt thng dng, c dng rng ri phng v iu tr nhiu chng bnh khc nhau, i vi cc la tui, cc ma trong nm.

D gia gim theo triu chng ca bnh, do thng cho hiu qu cao trong iu tr.

c hp thu nhanh qua ng tiu ho. Tuy vy thuc thang thng dng cho c th, bi vy, cng gp kh khn nht nh trong bo ch.

Cu to.

Vi thuc thang dng ung thng c cu to theo nguyn l ca y hc c truyn; mi thang thuc phi c cc thnh phn: Qun ,Thn, T, S ,vi cc cng nng ch tr, cch dng c th ca n (c phng ,tn phng).

i khi, nhng phng thuc gia truyn, hoc cc phng thuc trong dn gian, cng khng hon ton theo nguyn tc . Nhng phi m bo tnh an ton v hiu qu cao trong iu tr cho ngi bnh.

Liu lng ca thuc thang.

S v trong thang, nhiu hay t tu theo tng thang, khi lng ca tng v trong thang tu theo tui, theo tnh trng ca ngi bnh (nu l c phng thng c gi nguyn s v v khi lng). Tuy nhin , trong nhng iu kin c th c th thay i cho ph hp. i vi cc v thuc c tnh c, liu lng phi thc hin theo ng vi quy nh ca Dc in Vit Nam.

Yu cu cht lng

Cc v thuc trc khi lm thang phi t yu cu cht lng qui nh trong tng chuyn lun ring.

ng u khi lng: Cc v thuc trong thang phi t yu cu Php th ng u khi lng ca Thuc hon( Ph lc 1.11. Bng 1.11.3).

nhim khun: Thuc thang phi t yu cu v nhim khun ( Ph lc 13.6)

Dng c sc thuc.

Dng c sc thuc rt a dng, c th dng siu t, hoc dng c bng thp khng g; khng dng cc dng c bng gang, ng, st. Hin nay c nhiu loi dng c sc thuc c un nng bng in, cn ch theo di trnh nh hng n cht lng ca thuc.

Nc dng sc thuc.

Nc dng sc thuc phi l nc sch, dng ung c: Nc my, nc ging , nc ma. Lng nc a vo mi thang cn va , hot cht c th chit xut c. Tu theo dung tch ca dng c sc, mc nc thng cao hn mt thong ca thuc khong 2cm.

Nhit v thi gian sc thuc.

Nhit v thi gian sc thuc ph thuc vo tnh cht ca thang thuc.

Nu thang thuc ly kh (cht bay hi), trong thnh phn cha tinh du, v cc cht bay hi, l chnh: thuc gii biu, thuc n trung..., lc u, thng dng la to (v ho), nhanh chng nng nhit ca thuc n si, sau gim la, duy tr 70 - 800 trong thi gian 10- 15 pht. Nu thang thuc ly v l chnh (thuc b, thuc thanh nhit...) , c th un si 1-2 gi. Tuy nhin trn thc t, trong mt thang thuc, thng bao gm c v thuc ly kh v ly v; do trong qu trnh sc thuc cn ch duy tr nhit v thi gian thch hp

Nhin liu dng sc thuc.

Nhin liu sc thuc rt a dng; c th dng ci, rm, r..., song trnh dng ci, khi chy cho cht c, hoc c mi kh chu; c th dng than, khi chy hng trnh mi kh than; hin nay cn dng in, dng kh t. Cn ch rng, vi ngun nhin liu khc nhau, th nhit lng cung cp s khc nhau; do thi gian sc thuc nn tnh t lc si. V cn theo di trnh b chy.

 

Cch ung thuc.

Tu theo tnh cht ca bnh v tnh cht ca thang thuc m cch ung thuc c khc nhau. Cc bnh thuc th hn: cm mo phong hn, trng hn...tnh cht ca thang thuc thng n , nhit, cn ung khi cn nng. Cc bnh th nhit, tnh cht ca thang thuc thng hn, lng, thng ung ngui.

Cc thang thuc mang tnh cht t (t h, thanh nhit...), thng ung lc i; tuy nhin nu i qu d cn co, bun nn; do cn n mt cht t trnh cn rut.

Cc thang thuc mang tnh cht b (b kh, huyt, m, dng), thng ung sau khi n 1,5 gi- 2 gi.

 

King k khi dng thuc thang.

Khi dng thuc thang, cng king k theo nguyn tc chung ca y hc c truyn. Nu ung thuc mang tnh n nhit, cn king cc thc n sng lnh: c, rau gin... Nu ung thuc mang tnh hn lng, cn king cc thc n cay nng v kch thch; t, ru, ht tiu...Mt s v thuc king c bit: mit gip k rau gin, hnh k mt ong, kinh gii k tht g...Ngoi ra cn ch n mt s thang thuc c cc v c tnh c, phi king cho ph n c thai, hoc sau khi ; hoc tr em di 15 tui: ph t ch, qu chi, c c dc...

Lu khi dng thuc thang

pht huy c hiu qu ca thuc thang, ngi ghi n, cn ch :

- Khng ghi cc v thuc mang tnh cht tng k .

- Ghi cc v thuc cn sc sau, ngi cn thuc c th ring.

- c th phi hp hi ho gia cc ln sc thuc: ln 1, un si (k t lc si) 20- 30 pht; ln 2, un si 40 pht n 1 gi; ln 3, un si 1gi. Dch thuc sc ca mi ln, ly khong 1 bt (100ml). C th ung ring tng ln; hoc ung ring nc th nht, nc 2, 3 trn u chia i, ung 2 ln na; hoc trn u c 3 ln sc, ri chia 3 ln ung.